Learning to Fly Without Waters

Pink Floyd’s Delicate Sound of Thunder at 30

Storm Thorgerson artwork for Delicate Sound of Thunder

The Wall was indeed the beginning of the end for the classic lineup of Pink Floyd. Though the balance of creative power in the group had begun to shift in Roger Waters’ direction after the unprecedented success of 1974’s The Dark Side of the Moon, the change was slow and gradual. But by the time of 1979’s The Wall, Pink Floyd had changed from the relatively democratic/egalitarian approach that served the band so well in the very late 1960s and early ‘70s toward a working method centered around Waters’ compositions.

The Wall was very nearly a Roger Waters album in concept, and very nearly one in execution. By the time of the limited run of live dates in support of The Wall, keyboardist Richard Wright was a salaried employee instead of a group member, and vocalist/guitarist David Gilmour had taken a more limited role in creative input.

The Final Cut pushed that set of realities to the breaking point: Wright was gone, Gilmour’s input into the album was minimal, and drummer Nick Mason – the band’s sonic architect in some important ways – was virtually invisible. To the surprise of very few, Pink Floyd ceased to exist shortly after its release. And for a time, it looked as if that would be the end of the story for the massively popular band.

Some longtime Floyd fans found both The Wall and The Final Cut somewhat lacking in melody; though they may well have appreciated Waters’ insightful and incisive lyrical prowess, the three-note motif around which most of The Wall was built didn’t always make for a compelling musical experience. And despite some strong moments, The Final Cut was even less rewarding from a musical perspective (its sound, however, thanks in great part to a process subbed “holophonics” was nothing short of extraordinary). It was (though they would have rejected the label) the space-rock vibe and soaring vocals and guitar of David Gilmour that were – for many – the primary assets of Pink Floyd music.



The public feuding that took place after the breakup was unusual in large part because Pink Floyd had heretofore been a relatively anonymous group, giving few interviews and posing only rarely for photos. But accusations and recriminations were tossed back and forth between estranged camps: Gilmour (and to a lesser extent Mason) on one side, Waters on the other, and Wright sidelined completely. Eventually matters shook out to the degree that Gilmour established a legal right to record and perform as Pink Floyd; key to his successful argument was the idea that Waters had left the group rather than dissolved it.



And so Gilmour began once again, working first with Mason, and bringing in assorted friends and associates to help make what would become A Momentary Lapse of Reason. Wright was brought back into the fold as well. And while Waters’ biting lyrics were nowhere to be found, the album from Pink Floyd Mk III certainly sounded like the old group circa Meddle.

Pink Floyd A Momentary Lapse of Reason, CBS 1987

Predictably, A Momentary Lapse of Reason sold in droves, buoyed in no small part by a winning single, “Learning to Fly.” Nearly all of Pink Floyd’s trademark sonic elements were in place: Gilmour’s mellifluous vocals, stratospheric guitar work, and soulful massed female choruses backing things up. With the benefit of hindsight (and perhaps with the absence of charity), AMLOR can be seen as much as an excuse for a world tour as it was a collection of new songs.

And that’s exactly what happened: Beginning in summer 1987, an expanded Pink Floyd built around the core of Gilmour, Mason and Wright took to the road. Between September of that year and July of 1989, Pink Floyd toured the world to near universal acclaim. Onstage, the band recreated the look, sound and feel of its classic concerts and albums, delivering a set that served up new tunes alongside ‘70s classics. The eventual appearance of a live album documenting the tour was inevitable, and in time for the 1988 holiday season, Delicate Sound of Thunder appeared on record store shelves.

Pink Floyd Delicate Sound of Thunder, EMI 1988

One among many reasons cited for the Beatles’ retirement from live performance in the mid 1960s was the inability to recreate the sounds of the studio live onstage. By 1988 this had long since ceased to be an issue. Bolstered by a number of auxiliary musicians and singers – the touring lineup of Pink Floyd included 11 people – it was now possible to deliver a concert that sounded Just Like the Record. And to a great extent, that’s what Gilmour and company did on the tour in support of A Momentary Lapse of Reason.



Delicate Sound of Thunder opens to the atmospheric strains of Richard Wright’s keyboard – a Kurzweil K2000 for those keeping track – introducing Wish You Were Here’s centerpiece work, “Shine On You Crazy Diamond.” The soothing synth pads are joined by some high-on-the-neck guitar figures from Gilmour. It’s nearly four minutes in before the guitarist plays the four-note signature motif known informally as “Syd’s Theme,” and when he does, there’s an audible roar from the audience. The overall performance of “Shine On” here runs a shade over 12 minutes; the band plays a distillation of the full album version, but manages to hit all of the most recognizable parts of the suite. The glacial grandeur of the tune shines through (so to speak), and Waters’ presence isn’t really missed. The backing vocals – courtesy of seven of the musicians onstage – are more prominent in the onstage arrangement than on the studio version; that approach adds a human quality that’s welcome in the live context. Roto toms –  a prominent percussive feature of mid ‘70s Floyd LPs – are all over the track. And Scott Page’s saxophone is true to the spirit of original player Dick Parry.



“Learning to Fly” folds some modern textures into the Pink Floyd sound; the percussion in particular has a programmed feel that pegs the song as a late ‘80s artifact. There’s an airy vibe to the live performance, and Gilmour’s vocals on this night sound just a bit tired or distracted. A few extra guitar lines – courtesy Tim Renwick – not heard on the studio counterpart add some texture to the song, but they’re neither prominent nor greatly needed.

“Yet Another Movie” is a track from A Momentary Lapse of Reason. It, too, represents a kind of updating of the Pink Floyd sound. It’s long on atmosphere but a bit short on melodic hooks; the turgid pace of the percussion is eventually ramped up mid-song as Gilmour peels off a relatively brief solo, but said solo is submerged just a bit in the sonic stew.

That song seamlessly gives way to an abbreviated  “Round and Around.” On AMLOR the track runs barely more than a minute; in live performance it’s trimmed to half that length. “Round and Around” is scarcely a song; it’s really more of a relatively undistinguished linking track.



Having sat through the fairly uninspired “Yet Another Movie” and a brief interlude, fans have earned their reward in “Sorrow,” a gem from the late-period Pink Floyd catalog. A keening, majestic guitar figure opens the song in majestic fashion, and the increased sonic frequency range afforded by modern sound systems is put to effective use with rafter-shaking bass. The gated reverb on the percussion (from Mason and Gary Wallis) again reminds listeners that it’s the late 1980s, but the song’s merits transcend those limiting qualities. Gilmour’s squalls of lead guitar punctuate the vocal verses, and the tune holds interest through its nine-plus minutes run time. Listeners who came for Stratocaster fireworks were no doubt luxuriating in “Sorrow,” which ends as it began.



When Nicholas Schaffner published his excellent Pink Floyd biography Saucerful of Secrets – for many years the only definitive tome on Pink Floyd – the 1991 book included an appendix that featured the  results of fanzine Amazing Pudding’s reader polls. One notable bit of information from that poll is that “Dogs of War” was hands-down winner of the “Worst Floyd Song” designation. Today, “Dogs of War” sounds much like a shameless attempt to write a “nasty” (as in, Roger Waters-like) song for addition into the modern-day Pink Floyd repertoire. Gilmour shouts in a hoary voice, and everyone involved seems to be trying just a bit too hard. “Dogs of War” is arguably effective at achieving that Waters vibe (though with less impressive lyrical qualities) but it doesn’t build on the strengths of what made the post-Waters band worth experiencing.



Happily, “On the Turning Away” does exactly that. Bringing forth the the pathos and melancholy conjured by Pink Floyd’s best instrumental moments, the beautiful yet simple melody features Gilmour singing almost unaccompanied (the synths provide a subtle bed). He’s stretching to the upper end of his vocal range, and – unlike the studio version – he doesn’t quite always hit those high notes; he’s flat a number of times. But all is forgiven. The live version adds nearly two minutes to the studio version, but it doesn’t drag. The gospel-flavored vocals soar, and the extended instrumental outro delivers plenty of Gilmour guitar goodness.

Delicate Sound of Thunder’s second CD opens with “One of These Days.” The malevolent instrumental from Meddle represents 1988-era Pink Floyd’s farthest venture into its past. Bassist Guy Pratt does a creditable job of recreating Roger Waters’ Echoplexed bass line, though he does add a bit of modern day fretless-style playing into his reading of the tune. Courtesy of tape, Nick Mason takes his rare vocal turn mid-song.



Before the audience cheers begin to subside, the pre-recorded chiming clocks of “Time” are introduced.  Perhaps in a nod to the shortened attention span of modern-day audiences, the song is trimmed some 90 seconds from its The Dark Side of the Moon studio version. Here, longtime Pink Floyd fans finally get the chance to hear Wright take a turn on lead vocals. The studio version’s rumbling synthesizer lines are largely absent in this live reading, but the song maintain its power nonetheless.

Joined by Renwick, Gilmour picks up an acoustic guitar for the first time during the concert to play the introduction to “Wish You Were Here,” a crowd favorite. The plaintive tune features backing vocals that give the impression of the entire audience singing along. Though the recording doesn’t capture the actual audience, I can attest (see below) that the assembled crowds for these shows did indeed join in.



The Dark Side of the Moon’s “Us and Them” brings an understated, jazzy feel to the proceedings. The vocal chorus does an admirable job of copying the original arrangement, and Page exercises restraint on saxophone, sticking more or less to Parry’s arrangement. The studio version segued into “Any Colour You Like” (not featured in the live set list), so the live song features a showbizzy ending that gives way to the crashing coin sounds of “Money.”



“Money” is a kind of corollary to the Grateful Dead’s “Truckin’.” It doesn’t sound like a lot of the other songs in the band’s catalog, and it’s one of the most beloved songs in the group’s body of work (especially among those only casually familiar with Pink Floyd’s material). The live reading somehow swings a bit more than the studio version, and the female chorus lets loose with cries of “Money!” while Gilmour peels off a solo. While the studio version runs a mere 6:22, in concert the band extends “Money” to nearly ten minutes. In the concert setting, few would have minded, though the faux-reggae breakdown around the five-minute mark does seem somewhat gratuitous, and most listeners could have probably done without Guy Pratt’s bass solo, not to mention the a capella interlude. Still, Gilmour has a bit of fun interpolating the signature lick from Memphis Slim’s classic blues “Steppin’ Out” into the song’s midsection, engaging in a brief instrumental call-and-response with Pratt.

Even if they didn’t want to, Gilmour’s Pink Floyd couldn’t have skipped over “Another Brick in the Wall, Pt. 2.” The disco-flavored song from The Wall is – for better or worse – Pink Floyd’s most well-known tune, even more ubiquitous than “Money.” Pratt’s funky, thumping bass works in the context of the song’s dance floor vibe, but it’s wholly out of character with the original. The tape-playback children’s chorus gives the live reading a kind of reverse-karaoke feel. But Gilmour’s note-perfect recreation of his studio solo delivers the best of what “Brick” has to offer.

So, too, does Gilmour faithfully recreate “Comfortably Numb,” arguably his crowning achievement from The Wall. Few would classify Roger Waters as an accomplished vocalist, but it’s here where his presence is missed the most. Gilmour’s vocals are sweet and superb, but the auxiliary musicians cannot (and, to their credit, don’t try to) sound like Waters. Standing in contrast to Gilmour’s vocals, Waters’ seething, sung/spoken part on the song is part of what gives the studio take of “Comfortably Numb” its power. Still, the ‘80s Floyd does what it can live onstage, and instrumentally the song is as majestic as it should be.



Closing the evening on an upbeat note, Pink Floyd launches into “Run Like Hell.” Gilmour’s heavily-effected guitar introduces the tune; the rest of the band holds back for more than a minute before joining in. The malevolent tone Gilmour aimed for (relatively unsuccessfully) on “Dogs of War” is achieved here, with help from the auxiliary players. In keeping with the vibe of a set-closer, the band extends “Run Like Hell” to more than seven minutes. The song gets a customary “big ending” and the show comes to a conclusion.



On a personal note, I attended one of Pink Floyd’s November 1987 shows at the Omni Coliseum in Atlanta. That run of of concerts was originally planned as the source material for the live album eventually released as Delicate Sound of Thunder, but the results of the recordings were deemed unsatisfactory (though they do circulate in audio and video among collectors). So it was that Pink Floyd recorded five nights worth of performances some nine months later in Long Island, NY (at Nassau Coliseum) and compiled Delicate Sound of Thunder from those resulting tapes.

Delicate back cover by Storm Thorgerson

A 2CD release, Delicate Sound of Thunder rose to #11 on Billboard’s album chart, eventually earning Triple Platinum status. The album was also released on cassette and (in limited quantities) on 2LP vinyl. In Russia, the album was split into two volumes and released on state label Melodia. And the album has another Russian connection: in November 1988 the album (in cassette format) was brought along on a mission by the Soyuz TM-7 spacecraft docking with the space station Mir, earning the designation as the first album played in space. Both Gilmour and Mason attended the rocket’s November 28 launch.

In the 21st century Delicate Sound of Thunder received worldwide reissue, including a 2017 vinyl pressing.

It’s worth noting that the Delicate Sound of Thunder set list – and for that matter, the selection of songs performed on Pink Floyd’s 1994 tour in support of The Division Bell, as documented on PULSE – completely sidesteps material from Animals and The Final Cut. Gilmour had made no secret of his lack of fondness for those projects, though the lack of a “Dogs” live performance from the late-period Floyd does seem an opportunity missed. But as a document of the Waters-less Pink Floyd’s return to active duty, Delicate Sound of Thunder is a welcome audio document, one that (occasionally dated drum sounds and production choices notwithstanding) has stood the test of time reasonably well.


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Postscript: My 2018 book Reinventing Pink Floyd: From Syd Barrett to The Dark Side of the Moon surveys the band’s creative journey from its start through the landmark 1973 release. Had the book covered the post-Dark Side era, the chapter on Delicate Sound of Thunder would have looked very much like this critical essay. – bk


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Bill Kopp

Bill Kopp is a music journalist, author, historian, collector, musician. His book Reinventing Pink Floyd was published in 2018. Follow him on Twitter @the_musoscribe

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